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Nomorhamphus lanceolatus  Huylebrouck, Hadiaty & Herder, 2014

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Nomorhamphus lanceolatus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae ()
Etymology: Nomorhamphus: Greek, nema = filament + Greek, rhamphos = bill, peak (Ref. 45335);  lanceolatus: From the late Latin adjective lanceolatus, meaning lanceolate, in reference to the shape of the spiculus of the new species.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - ? m.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Sungai Wawolambo in Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97329); 5.4 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal soft rays: 15 - 16; Vertebrae: 36 - 38. Nomorhamphus lanceolatus can be distinguished from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: lower jaw short; no fleshy lower jaw appendage in males; presence of black pigmentation in anal and dorsal fin; life coloration with yellow and orange colored anal, dorsal, and caudal fin, ventral surface of lower jaw orange and yellow belly; a lanceolate, dorsally slightly curved spiculus in the male andropodium, with the middle segments of the spiculus in contact with the distal tip of the third anal-fin ray; nine to ten segments proximal to spinae (mode nine segments); segments three or four to six or seven (mode four to seven) of second anal-fin ray in males with a dorsal and a ventral row of 'subsegments' forming small squares and rectangles of different sizes, so that these segments seem to be subdivided; third anal-fin ray slightly constricted longitudinally, giving the appearance of two distinct rays, distal part of this ray is slightly curved ventrally to contact spiculus (Ref. 97329).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in a stream of about 7-9 m wide and 50 cm deep, partially shaded by forest canopy, with a bed of sand and gravel (Ref. 97329).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Huylebrouck, J., R.K. Hadiaty and F. Herder, 2014. Two new species of viviparous halfbreaks (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Zenarchopteridae) endemic to Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Raffles Bulleting of Zoology 62:200-209. (Ref. 97329)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00183 - 0.00992), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .