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Bleekeria estuaria  Randall & Ida, 2014

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Bleekeria estuaria
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
Etymology: Bleekeria: He researched the fishes from India and Malaysia, 1862-1878 (Ref. 45335);  estuaria: Named for its being collected from an estuary, an unexpected habitat for an ammodytid fish.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 97535).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97535)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 42; Anal soft rays: 15; Vertebrae: 53. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: D 42; A 15; pectoral-fin rays 14, the fins 5.7 in SL (longest among species in this genus); no pelvic fins; 99 lateral-line scales; scales weakly ctenoid; a single scale dorsally on opercle; without gap in subocular sensory canal; 53 vertebrae; body depth 9.5 in SL; head short, head length 4.9 in SL; moderately large eye, 4.3 in HL; oblique mouth moderately large, the upper-jaw length 3.35 in HL; strongly projecting lower jaw, tip narrowly rounded; small slender teeth on side of upper jaw 22, 2 or 3 anteriorly on side of lower jaw; colour when fresh light olive-gray, with scale edges narrowly blackish dorsally on body, progressively less ventrally, the abdomen silvery white with a broad dorsal iridescent blue zone containing a central dusky reddish area, the operculum and isthmus are silvery and blue, a large orange-yellow area before pectoral fin, the snout dusky olive, caudal fin gray with a narrow blackish posterior margin, the rays with blackish edges and pectoral fins whitish; colour when preserved yellowish brown, scales dorsally on body to and including those of lateral-line scales very finely stippled with black, scales below lateral line with progressively less dark pigment, operculum with silvery patches, the fin rays pale yellowish, with anterior edge of dorsal rays finely dotted with black, and fin membranes are translucent. It differs from its congeners by having the shortest head, 4.9 in SL (shortest head for other species is 4.75 in SL, B. murtii<>/i); the longest pectoral fins, 5.7 in SL (longest for other species is 7.35 in SL, B. kallolepis); and by 3/17 transverse scales (others with more than 4/19 transverse scales) (Ref. 97535).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and H. Ida, 2014. Three new species of sand lances (Perciformes: Ammodytidae) from the southwest Indian Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 12:1-11. (Ref. 97535)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00152 - 0.00757), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .