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Trimma insularum  Winterbottom & Hoese, 2015

Cocos pygmygoby
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Trimma insularum
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335);  insularum: Name from Latin ‘insularis’ meaning ‘of an island’; referring to the distribution of the species, which is apparently confined to the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 31 m (Ref. 100726).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 100726)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

A species of Trimma with a vertically-sided, ‘U’-shaped interorbital trench and well developed postorbital trench, scales centred on the predorsal midline usually absent (although there may be 1–3 scales anteriorly in the midline, with a narrowly triangular naked area in front of the first dorsal spine); second dorsal spine elongated in adults (>20 mm SL), and may reach posteriorly to the dorsal procurrent caudal fin rays; third spine somewhat elongated, often extending beyond the spine of the second dorsal fin; usually 10 dorsal, 9 anal and 17–19 pectoral-fin rays, the latter with 5–12 branched rays at the middle of the fin, fifth pelvic ray usually branched once and about half the length of the fourth (47–64%); 18–20 total gill rakers on the first gill arch; and bony interorbital width less than half pupil-diameter. When freshly collected, this species is immediately distinguishable from all other described species of Trimma by the broad oblique yellow stripe across the cheek (Ref. 100726).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Winterbottom, R. and D.F. Hoese, 2015. A revision of the Australian species of Trimma (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae), with descriptions of six new species and redescriptions of twenty-three valid species. Zootaxa 3934(1):001-102. (Ref. 100726)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00412 - 0.01928), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .