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Torquigener albomaculosus  Matsuura, 2014

White-spotted pufferfish
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Torquigener: Latin, torquere = to twist + Latin, generare = birth, race (Ref. 45335);  albomaculosus: Named for the many white spots on the body.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 27 m (Ref. 97258).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Japan, Ryukyu Is.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97259); 9.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal soft rays: 6; Vertebrae: 19. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 9, A 6; pectoral-fin rays 16 with the dorsal-most ray nubbin-like and rudimentary; vertebrate 8 + 11 = 19; mid-side of body (from behind pectoral- to caudal-fin base) without the solid, dark, longitudinal stripe nor rows of dark spots; dorsal half of head and body with fine brown reticulations and many white spots, while ventral half silvery white with many white spots from chin to above anal-fin origin; dorsal rim of eye is light yellow; head and body with many two-rooted spinules (Ref. 97258).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species has been observed by divers at 10-27 m on sandy bottom. Another population is found around 30 m at the northern part of Amami-oshima Island. Its behavior of building large geometric circles on sandy bottoms, makes this species unique. Female length (Ref. 97258). The circular structure plays an important role in influencing female mate choice, it functions to gather fine sand particles for constructing nests in preparaton for spawning (Ref. 97259).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaborators

Matsuura, K., 2014. A new pufferfish of the genus Torquigener that builds "mystery circles" on sandy bottoms in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan (Actinopterygii: Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae). Ichthyol. Res. 62(2):207-212. (Ref. 97258)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00771 - 0.03916), b=2.89 (2.70 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .