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Chalinochromis cyanophleps  Kullander, Karlsson, Karlsson & Norén, 2014

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Chalinochromis cyanophleps
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chalinochromis: Greek, chalina = bit, bridle + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  cyanophleps: The specific name, cyanophleps, is a Greek adjective meaning blue-veined, with reference to the conspicuous blue stripe below the eye (Ref. 95611).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 6 - 45 m (Ref. 95611).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Tanganyika, along the Tanzanian coast from Mvuna Island south to Kalala Island (Ref. 95611).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95611)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 22 - 23; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 6-7; Anal soft rays: 6 - 7; Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Diagnosis: Chalinochromis cyanophleps is distinguished from C. brichardi by flank colour brown to dark grey vs. beige or light grey; dark brown stripe below eye vs. contrasting black vertical stripes on head; iris and eye ring partly orange vs. orange colour not or faintly visible; opercular blotch absent vs. prominent; black blotch posteriorly in dorsal fin absent vs. present; dorsal and caudal fins dark with white dots vs. pale and dots absent; black spot at pectoral-fin base absent vs. present; more teeth in upper jaw, 13-16 vs. 5-10 in hemiseries, and lower jaw, 17-26 vs. 2-3 in hemiseries; and slender caudal peduncle, its depth 9.9-10.7% of standard length vs. 11.6-12.4% (Ref. 95611). It is distinguished from all other species of Chalinochromis by absence of stripes and blotches on head; lips not folded over adjacent jaw and not callous or papillate on lip surface outside that close to teeth vs. lips wide and folded over adjacent premaxilla and dentary, and more or less extensively papillose on abroad surfaces; presence of tricuspid inner teeth vs. exclusively unicuspid; and five mandibular lateralis foramina vs. four (Ref. 95611). It is distinguished from all species of Altolamprologus, Lamprologus, Lepidiolamprologus, Neolamprologus, Paleolamprologus and Variabilichromis by number of dorsal-fin spines, 22-23 vs. 14-21; from all species of Congo River Lamprologus by first pelvic-fin ray longest vs. second to third rays longest, and lateral line scales 37-39 vs. 29-37; from all species of Telmatochromis by dentition, inner teeth mostly unicuspid vs. only or predominantly tricuspid, posterodorsal corner of opercle rounded vs. pointed, and upper jaw projecting vs. jaws equal; from all species of Julidochromis by absence of bars and bands on body, and scales in longitudinal row 37-39 vs. 36 or less (Ref. 95611).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is a cryptic, timorous fish occupying rocky areas with large rocks or boulders (Ref. 95611). It is very rarely seen in open areas, but can be found in the darker parts of its biotope, in dark crevices and caves (Ref. 95611).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O., M. Karlsson, M. Karlsson and M. Norén, 2014. Chalinochromis cyanophleps, a new species of cichlid fish (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika. Zootaxa 3790(3):425-438. (Ref. 95611)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .