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Careproctus lycopersicus  Orr, 2012

Tomato Snailfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Careproctus lycopersicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Careproctus lycopersicus (Tomato Snailfish)
Careproctus lycopersicus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Liparidae (Snailfishes)
Etymology: Careproctus: Greek, kara = face + Greek, proktos = anus (Ref. 45335);  lycopersicus: Named for the tomato plant, Solanum lycopersicum, meaning ‘wolf peach'; referring to its typically bright red tomato-like coloration.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 397 - 1157 m (Ref. 91047).   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Bering Sea and the eastern Aleutian Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91047); 17.2 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 42-45; Anal soft rays: 34 - 38; Vertebrae: 45 - 50. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: premaxilla and dentary with broad rows of strongly trilobed teeth (vs. simple or weakly trilobed teeth on both jaws); the large gill opening extends ventrally to pectoral rays 8-12 (vs. smaller above the pectoral fin or extending to less than five pectoral-fin rays); large pelvic disk greater or equal 30% head length (vs. smaller pelvic disk, < 25% HL); most similar to C. ovigerus, which can be distinguished from C. lycopersicus by its simple, canine teeth on both jaws, and to C. kamikawai, which is distinguished by its subterminal mouth, slight dorsal-fin lobe, black peritoneum, smaller pelvic disc, slender caudal base, and more anterior position of the pelvic disc, anus, and anal-fin origin (Ref. 91047).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

One 11.6 cm TL ripe male and female specimens were examined: the smallest female with yolked eggs was 14.9 cm (UW 119817). For the ripe females, at least two sizes of eggs were present, yolked eggs were 3.5 mm in diameter and smaller white eggs had diameters of 0.5-1.5 mm (Ref. 91047).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Orr, J.W., 2012. Two new species of snailfishes of the genus Careproctus (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from the Bering Sea and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, with a redescription of Careproctus ovigerus. Copeia 2012(2):257-265. (Ref. 91047)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00167 - 0.00905), b=3.21 (3.00 - 3.42), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .