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Geophagus crocatus  Hauser & López-Fernández, 2013

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Geophagus crocatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335);  crocatus: From the Latin adjective crocatus, meaning saffron yellow, in reference to the yellow operculum on live specimens.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.1 - 7.1.   Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 95093)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Berbice River, above and below the rapids at Itabru Falls in Guyana.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95093)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 32 - 33. Differs from Geophagus grammepareius, G. taeniopareius, G. argyrostictus, G. gottwaldi and G. harreri by its incomplete suborbital stripe (vs. complete). Can be further diagnosed from G. abalios, G. brokopondo, G. surinamensis, G megasema, G camopiensis, G. altifrons, G. parnaibae, G. sveni, and G. neambi by having an incomplete suborbital stripe formed by a preopercular black mark (vs. absent). The lateral bar pattern of Geophagus crocatus distinguishes this species from all other congeners. The bar pattern is formed by 6 vertical bars on the flank, with bars 2 and 3 uniquely fused dorsally at the base of the spiny dorsal fin between spines 9 and 10. Distinguished from all members of the G. surinamensis complex with incomplete suborbital markings by the presence of 6 lateral bars (vs. absent in G. proximus and G. brachybranchus, 4 bars in G. winemilleri, and 7 bars in G. dicrozoster (Ref. 95093).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits black water river, running through thick gallery forest. Mostly found abundat in areas of sluggish water with sandy bottoms and relatively little forest cover (Ref. 95093).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Hauser, F.E. and H. López-Fernández, 2013. Geophagus crocatus, a new species of geophagine cichlid from the Berbice River, Guyana, South America (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Zootaxa 3731(2):279-286. (Ref. 95093)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00717 - 0.03842), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .