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Corydoras gryphus  Tencatt, Britto & Pavanelli, 2014

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Corydoras gryphus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Callichthyidae (Callichthyid armored catfishes) > Corydoradinae
Etymology: Corydoras: Greek, kory = helmet + greek, doras = skin (Ref. 45335);  gryphus: From the Latin, the specific name gryphus means griffon, mythical creature with a lion body and a head and wings of a hawk or eagle, in reference to the conspicuous elongation of pectoral-fin spine and its first branched ray, like a wing in male specimens. A noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Lower rio Paraná in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95506)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal soft rays: 7; Vertebrae: 23. This species can be diagnosed from all other congeners by a conspicuously reduction on posterior laminar expansion of infraorbital 2, almost absent in some specimens (vs. infraorbital 2 with moderate- or well-developed posterior laminar expansion). This can be distinguished from other species of Corydoras, except C. longipinnis and C. tukano, by exhibiting uncommon sexual dimorphic condition, with the conspicuous elongation of the first and second branched dorsal-fin rays in males surpassing dorsal-fin spine distal tip, with size similar to the total length of the spine (vs. dorsal fin not sexually dimorphic with respect to its length; or elongation of dorsal-fin elements (when present) not associated with sexual dimorphism; or dorsal fin, if sexually dimorphic, with first and second dorsal-fin branched rays slightly surpassing dorsal-spine distal tip). This can be differentiated from C. longipinnis and C. tukano by having four to six irregular black or brownish blotches on the midline of the flank (vs. midline of the flank with three large black rounded blotches in C. longipinnis; two very large black rounded blotches in C. tukano); and from C. longipinnis by having the mesethmoid not visible, entirely covered by a thick layer of skin (vs. visible, posterior portion of mesethmoid covered by a very thin epidermal layer) (Ref. 95506).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Reis, Roberto E. | Collaborators

Tencatt, L.F.C., M.R. Britto and C.S. Pavanelli, 2014. A new long-finned Corydoras Lacépède, 1803 (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) from the lower rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(1):71-79. (Ref. 95506)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .