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Cottus schitsuumsh  Lemoine, Young, Mckelvey, Eby, Pilgrim & Schwartz, 2014

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Cottus schitsuumsh
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335);  schitsuumsh: The specific name schitsu’umsh (pronounced s-CHEET-sue-umsh) is Americanist phonetic notation of the spoken word used by the first peoples who inhabited portions of northern Idaho and western Montana, now recognized as the Coeur d’Alene Tribe. In modern usage it means "those who were found here" and refers to the people of this tribe. The current distribution of this species overlaps with most of the historical homeland of this tribe.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Columbia River basin, Idaho-Montana, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94998)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-20; Anal soft rays: 13 - 15. Distinguished from all congeners in the upper Columbia River basin by the lack of a second preopercular spine, palatine tooth patches smaller and separate from the vomerine tooth patch, and axillary prickling. Differs from Cottus cognatus, C. confusus , C. hubbsi, and C. rhotheus by the absence of a second preopercular spine; and from C. cf. bairdii and C. beldingii by the presence of axillary prickling. Furthermore, this species possesses palatine tooth patches smaller than the vomerine tooth patch and the patches are separated (vs. palatine tooth patches equal to or larger in size than the vomerine tooth patch in Cottus cf. bairdii; and generally, palatine teeth absent in Cottus beldingii) (Ref. 94998).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common to abundant in cool to cold tributaries with cobble and gravel bottoms. Sympatric with Oncorhynchus clarkii and Salvelinus confluentus throughout its distribution, with Cottus rhotheus in Idaho, and withCottus cognatu in Montana (Ref. 94998).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lemoine, M., M.K. Young, K.S. Mckelvey, L. Eby, K.L. Pilgrim and M.K. Schwartz, 2014. Cottus schitsuumsh, a new species of sculpin (Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae) in the Columbia River basin, Idaho-Montana, USA. Zootaxa 3755(3):241-258. (Ref. 94998)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00349 - 0.02279), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .