Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Hypopomidae
Etymology: Brachyhypopomus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, hypo = under + Greek, poma, -atos = cover (Ref. 45335); walteri: Named for Walter Heiligenberg in honor of his discoveries in electric fish neurophysiology and behavior made at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography.
Institute of Oceanography.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Amazon basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94132)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species can be distinguished by having the following combination of characters: distinct patch of brown pigment below skin at base of orbit; body yellow and semi-translucent in living specimens; caudal filament long and fine, greater than 20% of LEA (length from the tip of the
snout to the posterior end of the anal-fin base) in intact specimens; electric discharge organ (EOD ) pulse duration very long (between 3.5 and 4 milliseconds at 25° C) with head-positive first phase of longer duration than second head-negative phase in both sexes (Ref. 94132).
Usually found in floating meadow habitats, composed mostly of the grass Paspalum repens, Poaceae. Occurs mainly in white water, but also in areas near the confluence of black water rivers with the Amazonas/Solimões ranging from low to medium conductivity. Syntopic with the species of Eigenmannia, Gymnotus, the apteronotid Parapteronotus hasemani and the electric eel Electrophorus electricus in the floating meadow habitats (Ref. 94132).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sullivan, J.P., J. Zuanon and C. Cox Fernandes, 2013. Two new species and new subgenus of toothed Brachyhypopomus electric knifefishes (Gymnotiformes, Hypopomidae) from the central Amazon and considerations pertaining to the evolution of a monophasic electric organ discharge. Zookeys 327:1-34. (Ref. 94132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .