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Hemirhamphodon kecil  Tan & Lim, 2013

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Hemirhamphodon kecil
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae ()
Etymology: Hemirhamphodon: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, rhamphos = bill + greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  kecil: Name from the Bahasa Indonesian word 'kecil', meaning small, in reference to the diminutive size of this species. Used as a noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ?; depth range 0 - ? m.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: lower Mahakam basin that drain eastwards into the Makassar Strait in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94086)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 39 - 41. Distinguished from other species of Hemirhamphodon in having the following characters: discernable markings on body and fins absent, except dorsal part of caudal fin base with sparse black pigments on both male and female; and submargin of dorsal fin suffused with black pigments; small adult size, up to 41 mm SL; adult sizes for male and female similar (as with H. tengah), other congeners with males up to 50% larger than females; males with an enlarged posterior projection on the fourth anal-fin ray, with third, fourth, sixth and eighth anal-fin rays branched; females with third, fourth and eighth anal-fin rays branched; pelvic-fin origin anterior to dorsal-fin origin; and dorsal fin with 14 to 15 rays (Ref. 94086).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits streams with submerged bank vegetation and clear water of pH 7.0 flowing over rocky, sand and silt substratum. Tends to form school in small groups of about 3 to 5 individuals at the surface, preferring quiet pools and dwelling near or under overhanging bank vegetation. Syntopic with Osteochilus vittatus, Rasbora elegans, Systomus binotatus (Cyprinidae), Betta patoti, Trichopodus trichopterus (Osphronemidae), and Channa lucius (Channidae).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tan, H.H. and K.K. Lim, 2013. Three new species of freshwater halfbreaks (Teleostei: Zenarchopteridae: Hemirhamphodon) from Borneo. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(2):735-747. (Ref. 94086)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .