Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: Cyprinodon: Latin, cyprinus = carp + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); desquamator: Name from the Latin verb squamare, for one who removes scales from fishes. A noun in apposition.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Central America: restricted to six hypersaline lakes on San Salvador Island, Bahamas: Crescent Pond, Osprey Lake, Oyster Lake, Little Lake, Mermaid Pond and Great Lake.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94405)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 12. Distinguished by having large supra-terminal jaws, elongated body and solid black coloration throughout the entire body and median fins in adult males (Ref. 94405).
Inhabits six hypersaline lakes (Crescent Pond, Osprey Lake, Oyster Lake, Little Lake, Mermaid Pond and Great Lake). Sympatric with Cyprinodon variegatus in all six lakes and with C. brontotheroides in four of the six lakes (except Great Lake and Mermaid Pond). These lakes are shallow, rarely exceeding 3 m depth, and densities of Cyprinodon are greatest in mats of macroalgae (Batophora, Acetabularia and Cladophora) and wigeongrass (Ruppia maritima) along the littoral margins of each lake. Feeds on scales of other fishes. Spawning occurs in spring and summer seasons, but it seems to be more common in the summer. Breeding territories are guarded by males (Ref. 94405).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Martin, C.H. and P.C. Wainright, 2013. A remarkable species flock of Cyprinodon pupfishes endemic to San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 54(2):231-240. (Ref. 94405)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00452 - 0.02213), b=3.24 (3.06 - 3.42), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .