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Characidium papachibe  Peixoto & Wosiacki, 2013

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Characidium papachibe
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Crenuchidae (South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335);  papachibe: The name is a reference to 'papa-chibé, a traditional name associated with the State of Pará natives, and pays homage to the people of Pará.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.2 - 6.3; depth range 1 - 2 m (Ref. 93226).   Tropical; 25°C - 27°C (Ref. 93226)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Aruã, tributary of the Rio Tapajós basin, lower Amazon in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93226)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9; Vertebrae: 34. It is diagnosed from other species of Characidium, except C. serrano and C. heirmostigmata, by having anteriorly oblique, midlateral bands centered on lateral line or just ventral thereof and not reaching either the dorsum or the ventrum, anterior bands. It differs from from C. serrano and C. heirmostigmata by having the following characters: 3 scales above and 3 below the lateral line (vs. 4 or 5 above and 4 or 5 below the lateral line in C. serrano and C. heirmostigmata); 10 scales around the caudal peduncle (vs. 12 in C. serrano and C. heirmostigmata); and snout length 15.0-18.8% HL (vs. 23.4-26.9% HL in C. serrano and 20.3- 27.8% HL in C. heirmostigmata). It can be further distinguished from C. heirmostigmata by having 12-15 oblique bars (vs. 8-11), 8 or 9 anal-fin rays (vs. 10 or 11), 10 or 11 pectoral-fin rays (vs. 13 or 14), and head length 25.7-29.2% SL (vs. 22.4-24.6% SL). It can be further separated from C. serrano by having 29-33 scales on the lateral line (vs. 37-39) and interorbital distance 19.0-25.0% HL (vs. 11.9-17.2 HL). This species is slightly similar to the psammophile species C. heinianum, C. longum, C. pellucidum, and C. pteroides because of its reticulated color pattern. However, it is distinguished from those species by the presence of the anteriorly oblique bars. It can be further distinguished from C. longum by having 10 or 11 pectoral-fin rays (vs. 13 or 14), 10 scale series around the caudal peduncle (vs. 12), body depth at dorsal-fin origin 18.9-25.7% SL (vs. 9.3-15.8% SL), and body depth at anal-fin origin 12.2-17.8% SL (vs. 7.5-11.0% SL); from another psammophile species, Geryichthys sterbai, by the presence of the adipose fin (vs. absence), by the presence of ectopterygoid teeth (vs. absence), by the 10 scale series around the caudal peduncle (vs. 12); and by absence of rhomboidal bars (vs. presence) (Ref. 93226).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits stream with shallow margins about 1-1.8 m deep, dense aquatic vegetation, sandy bottom and margins composed of decaying plant matter (Ref. 93226).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Peixoto, L.A.W. and W.B. Wosiacki, 2013. A new species of Characidium Agassiz (Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from the Lower Amazon. Copeia 2013(1):52-57. (Ref. 93226)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .