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Cobitis australis  Chen, Chen & He, 2013

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Cobitis australis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  australis: The specific epithet stems from the Latin australis, meaning southern, referring to the species occurrence in South China.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Yujiang and Yongjiang, tributaries of the Pearl River in South China.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93349)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 5. Distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: lack of Gambetta's pigmentation pattern; sexual dimorphism color pattern consisting of 17-20 irregular blotches on the dorsum in male and 13 oval blotches on the dorsum and the blotches extending trangle-shape on the dorsolateral sides in females; 11-13 irregular vertical elongated v-shaped blotches along midlateral lines, and between them more then 20 vertical bars in males and less than 20 in females; dorsal and caudal fins with 4-5 striations; one slender and long finger-shaped lamina circularis at the base of the secondary ray of the male pectoral fins, the second ray is elongated nearly filamentous; scales large, vertical elongated and oval, with a large focal area, 26-30 radial grooves; mental lobes undeveloped, two lower lip pointed not ending in filiform tip; barbels short, barble length equal to or shorter than eye diameter; suborbital spine of the prcessus latero-caudalis less than one-third of the processus medio-caudalis length (Ref. 93349).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chen, Y.-X., Y.-F. Chen and D.-K. He, 2013. A new species of spined loach (Osteichthyes, Cobitidae) from the Pearl River, Guangxi of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 38(2):377-387. (Ref. 93349)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00217 - 0.01155), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .