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Nematocharax costai  Bragança, Barbosa & Mattos, 2013

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Nematocharax costai
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Rhoadsiinae
Etymology: Nematocharax: Greek, nemas, -atos = filament + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335);  costai: Named for Wilson Costa, notably known for his great contribution in Ichthyology and for his main role in planning the expedition and first to recognize the new species in the field.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Cambiriba Stream, Balneário Guaíra, middle Contas River basin in northeastern Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93323)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 33. Distinguished by having the following unique combination of characters: dorsal, anal and pelvic fins with elongated branched rays; two rows of premaxillary teeth in adults, and an almost complete row of teeth along the free ventral maxillary border. Differs from its unique congener, Nematocharax venustus, by having the following characters: absence of hooks or spinules on dorsal and pelvic-fins (vs. presence); five anal-fin rays with spinules (vs. more than seven rays); presence of a long dark pink horizontal mark on the caudal peduncle (vs. absence); five supraneurals (vs. four or fewer); pelvic-fin filament yellow (vs. pale rosy) (Ref. 93323).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in sandy bottom fast running water stream, with about 7 m width, 1 m depth and pale brown and turbid water. Found under marginal vegetation (Ref. 93323).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bragança, P.H.N., M.A. Barbosa and J.L. Mattos, 2013. A new Nematocharax species from the middle Contas River basin, northeastern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Verteb. Zool. 63(1):3-8. (Ref. 93323)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .