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Leporinus santosi  Britski & Birindelli, 2013

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Leporinus santosi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Anostomidae (Headstanders)
Etymology: Leporinus: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit (Ref. 45335);  santosi: Named for Geraldo Mendes dos Santos, a researcher from INPA, for his important contributions to our knowledge of the fish fauna of the lower rio Tocantins, through his studies on the species of Anostomidae (Santos & Jégu, 1989), and on the impacts of the Tucuruí dam (Santos et al., 1984; Santos et al., 2004). An noun.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: lower rio Tocantins in Pará State, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93223)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal soft rays: 10; Vertebrae: 33. Can be diagnosed from all other species of Leporinus , except L. gomes i, L. granti , and L. nijssen i, by the presence of three prominent dark midlateral blotches, smaller blotches formed by dermal pigment, five of which form an interrupted "X" between head and first midlateral blotch, small dark spots formed by epidermal pigment, terminal mouth with four teeth on premaxilla and four on dentary, and relatively few scales on lateral line (less than 36). Differs further from all congeners, except L. gomesi , by having a conspicuous dark spots on the center of scales on anterolateral portion of the body; from L. gomesi by having 16 (vs. 12) scale rows around the caudal peduncle, and the second midlateral dark blotch rounded and not extended posteriorly to the vertical through the posterior margin of the adipose fin (vs. second midlateral dark blotch elongate, extended posteriorly to the vertical through the posterior margin of the adipose fin) (Ref. 93223).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Garavello, Júlio | Collaborators

Britski, H.A. and J.L.O. Birindelli, 2013. A new species of Leporinus Agassiz, 1829 (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from the rio Tocantins, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(1):25-32. (Ref. 93223)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00519 - 0.02783), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .