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Citharichthys darwini  Victor & Wellington, 2013

Darwin's sanddab
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Citharichthys darwini
Male picture by Victor, B.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae (Large-tooth flounders)
Etymology: Citharichthys: Latin, cithara = lire like instrument + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335);  darwini: Named for Charles Darwin.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Galápagos Arch. endemic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 3.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93094)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 70-75; Anal soft rays: 51 - 58; Vertebrae: 35. This small narrow-bodied species shares the characters for the genus; i.e., mostly straight lateral line, apparently uniserial and even-sized teeth, relatively long thin gill rakers with no serrations, urogenital papilla on the blind side, asymmetric pelvic fin placement with ocular-side fin-base along ventral midline (the Cyclopsetta group sensu Hensley and Ahlstrom 1984), and a medium-sized mouth with upper-jaw length greater than 30% HL (vs. less in Etropus). It is distinguished from its congeners by the low fin-ray counts, D 70-75 A 51-58; low numbers of slender gill rakers, 4-7+8-10 (usually 6+9 or 6+10); a narrow body with maximum body width in adults 39-45% SL; low numbers of pored lateral line scales, 41-42; vertebrae 10+25; firmly attached (non-deciduous) scales (Ref. 93094).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Only found on Isla Isabela which has distinctive oceanographic conditions. The island is directly over the Galápagos hotspot, recently has an active volcano, exceptionally dry, and has extensive local upwelling of colder deep water which occurs seasonally in the area. The unusual combination of colder water and particularly light erosion sedimentation due to low precipitation and rocky shores create a distinctive habitat. The Tagus Cove itself is a breached tuff cone and is characterized by coarse black sands (Ref. 93094).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Victor, B.C. and G.M. Wellington, 2013. Citharichthys darwini n. sp., a new endemic flatfish from the Galápagos Archipelago (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae). J. Ocean Sci. Foundation 6:19-32. (Ref. 93094)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00441 - 0.01974), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .