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Etheostoma obama  Mayden & Layman, 2012

Spangled darter
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Etheostoma obama
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  obama: Named for President Barack Obama, United States of America, for his environmental leadership, particularly in the areas of clean energy and environmental protection, and also for being one of the first leaders to approach conservation and environmental protection from a more global vision; noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: United States of America (Tennessee).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92294); 4.3 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8 - 11. This breeding male of this species (under the subgenus Doration) is distinguished by the following characters: a spinous dorsal fin with blue marginal and submedial bands, orange medial band, basal band with bright orange pigment; the soft dorsal, caudal, and pectoral fins have distinct bright orange spots on rays; soft dorsal and anal fins with blue in base of fin; anal fin sometimes with orange spots or streaks on rays; the face and lower head tangerine orange with blue on operculum, preoperculum, cheek, and suborbital bar (but not on lips and mid-gular region); quadrate lateral blue blotches extending ventrad from lateral line scale row; the basicaudal blue bar extending from dorsal to ventral margin of caudal fin; no frenum; incomplete lateral line, unpored scales modally >10 (12); cheek partially scaled; palatine teeth usually absent; present in 29% of specimens; modal counts for D XII-XIII,12, A 9, pectoral fin 15, principal caudal 15, caudal peduncle scales 16, preoperculomandibular canal pores 10; allozyme products of sIdh-A locus are characterized by relative mobilities b, e, and g (Ref. 92294).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Layman, S.R. and R.L. Mayden, 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetics of the darter subgenus Doration (Percidae: Etheostoma), with descriptions of five new species. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 30:1-83. (Ref. 92294)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .