Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); jimmycarter: Named for President Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of the United States of America, and his environmental leadership and accomplishments in the areas of national energy policy and wilderness protection, and his life-long commitment to social justice and basic human rights; noun in apposition.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
North America: USA (Green River drainange of Kentucky and Tennessee).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92294); 4.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 14;
soft rays: 7 - 9. This breeding male of this species, a member of the subgenus Doration, is distinguished by the following characters: spinous dorsal fin with black marginal band, orange medial band, black submedial band interrupted by vertical orange streaks extending from medial band above to basal band, the basal band with bright orange pigment; soft dorsal, caudal, and pectoral fins with distinct bright orange spots on rays; soft dorsal and anal fins without blue pigment; anal fin with many distinct orange spots on rays; the face and lower head tangerine orange with blue on operculum, preoperculum, cheek, and suborbital bar (not on lips and mid-gular region); quadrate lateral blue blotches extend ventrad from lateral line scale row; blue wedge on ventral half of caudal fin base but not developed dorsally. In addition, there is no frenum; incomplete lateral line, unpored scales modally greater than 10 (14); the cheek is usually naked; no palatine teeth; dorsal fin spines modally 12-13; dorsal soft rays modally 11; anal fin soft rays modally 8; pectoral fin rays modally 15; the principal caudal fin rays modally 15; caudal peduncle scales modally 16; preoperculomandibular canal pores modally 10 (Ref. 92294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Layman, S.R. and R.L. Mayden, 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetics of the darter subgenus Doration (Percidae: Etheostoma), with descriptions of five new species. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 30:1-83. (Ref. 92294)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00205 - 0.01282), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .