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Etheostoma gore  Layman & Mayden, 2012

Cumberland darter
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Etheostoma gore
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  gore: Named for Al Gore, the 45th Vice President of the United States of America, serving with President Bill Clinton, and for his environmental vision, commitment, and accomplishments throughout decades of public service and his role in educating the public and raising awareness on the issue of global climate change; noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: United States of America (Kentucky and Tennessee).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92294); 4.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 5 - 10. This species is distinguished by the following characters: the breeding male with spinous dorsal fin with blue marginal and submedial bands, orange medial band, basal band with bright orange pigment; soft dorsal, caudal, and pectoral fins with distinct bright orange spots on rays; the soft dorsal and anal fins has blue in base of fin and the anal fin with distinct orange spots on rays; the face and lower head tangerine orange with blue on operculum, preoperculum, cheek, and suborbital bar (not on lips and mid-gular region); quadrate lateral blue blotches extend ventrad from lateral line scale row; basicaudal blue bar extending from dorsal to ventral margin of caudal fin; absence of frenum; incomplete lateral line, unpored scales modally greater than 10 (11); cheek naked or nearly naked.; no palatine teeth; dorsal fin with spines modally 12 and soft rays modally 11; anal fin soft rays modally 8-9; pectoral fin rays modally 14; principal caudal fin rays modally 15; caudal peduncle scales modally 16; preoperculomandibular canal pores modally 10 (Ref. 92294).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Layman, S.R. and R.L. Mayden, 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetics of the darter subgenus Doration (Percidae: Etheostoma), with descriptions of five new species. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 30:1-83. (Ref. 92294)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .