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Mazarunia charadrica  López-Fernández, Taphorn B. & Liverpool, 2012

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Mazarunia charadrica
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Mazarunia: Taken from river Mazaruni; local habitat of this fish (Ref. 45335);  charadrica: The specific name is derived from the Greek charadra, a mountain stream or a torrent. This is in reference to its apparent preference for reophilous habitats; the species is often found in the steep tributaries of the Mazaruni River that flow from the slopes of the Roraima massif and other mountainous sources in the area. To be regarded as an adjective in feminine form.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.4 - 4.8.   Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 91746)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Guyana from the upper Mazaruni River main channel, its direct tributaries, the Kamarang and Kukui Rivers and Abbou creek, and several tributaries of the Kako River, including Waruma, Sandaa and Paikwa creeks.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91746)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 26. Distinguished from all congeners, among other characters, by approximately equal uncinate process and anterior arm and reduced anteroventral expansion of epibranchial 1 (vs. uncinate process narrower and complete anteroventral expansion in the other two species), a dorso-ventrally flattened maxillary process of the palatine (vs. cylindrical in the other two species), cycloid (vs. ctenoid) scales in the opercular, postorbital, lateral chest and anal-genital regions, the absence of a mid-lateral spot, and a diffuse dark area covering the dorsal portion of the head giving the impression of a 'black cap'. Possessess a unique juvenile pattern of seven vertical dark bars partially preserved in adults. Bars 3-6 in antero-caudal direction are most visible in juveniles and medium-sized specimens but become fainter and almost disappear in adults. Many specimens show only bar number 3 (midlateral bar) (Ref. 91746).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Abundant in the entire upper Mazaruni River basin, and especially in tributaries with rocky substrates and rich in rapids. Collected from black water sites with fairly high transparency (0.55-1.0 m Secchi depth), none to relatively fast currents (0-0.6 m/s), temperature (21.7- 24.5°C), pH (4.4-4.8), dissolved oxygen (5.2- 9.3 mg/L) and very low conductivity (<10 µS). Ref. 91746).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

López-Fernández, H., D.C. Taphorn and E.A. Liverpool, 2012. Phylogenetic diagnosis and expanded description of the genus Mazarunia Kullander, 1990 (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the upper Mazaruni River, Guyana, with description of two new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(3):465-486. (Ref. 91746)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00350 - 0.03135), b=3.06 (2.81 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .