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Epigonus chilensis  Okamoto, 2012

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Epigonus chilensis
Male picture by Okamoto, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Epigonidae (Deepwater cardinalfishes)
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335);  chilensis: Named for its type locality, Chile.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 315 - 340 m (Ref. 91119).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Off Chile.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91119); 20.8 cm (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by these set of characters: presence of a pungent opercular spine; ribs on the last abdominal vertebra; no tooth on tongue; maxillary mustache-like process blunt; a minute tubercle present on symphysis of lower jaw; pelvic-fin base posterior than a vertical from origin of pectoral fin; gill rakers 8-9 + 20-21 = 29-30; vertebrae 11 + 14; total pored lateral-line scales 51-54 (hypural end 46-49 + caudal fin 4-6); D VII-I, 8-10 (mode 9 soft rays); pectoral-fin rays 16-17; pyloric caeca 6-8; body depth 26.6-31.7 % SL; orbital diameter 12.4-14.9 % SL; lower jaw length 12.8-14.3 % SL; postorbital length 13.4-14.5 % SL; and second anal-fin spine length 18.3-21.3 % SL (Ref. 91119).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Okamoto, M., 2012. Two new species of the genus Epigonus (Perciformes: Epigonidae) from the South Pacific, with a definition of the Epigonus constanciae group. Ichthyol. Res. 59(3):242-254. (Ref. 91119)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00543 - 0.02660), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .