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Melamphaes manifestus  Kotlyar, 2011

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Melamphaes manifestus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stephanoberyciformes (Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae (Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335);  manifestus: Name from Latin manifestus for remarkable, obvious, and easily defined (Ref. 87971).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 780 m (Ref. 87971).   Deep-water; 5°N - 4°N, 12°W - 13°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic Ocean: equatorial area. The species is known by a single sample (equatorial Atlantic Ocean, African coast) (Ref. 87971).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87971)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

The species is characterized by 22–23 rakers on the first gill arch, 29–31 vertebrae (12 abdominal vertebrae), and two ventrolateral oriented spurs on the haemal arch of the first caudal vertebra; D III 15–16; P 16–17; seven soft rays in the ventral fin; ventral fin starts after the vertical line of the posterior margin of the pectoral fin basement; the anal fin starts under the last ray of the dorsal fin or just after the dorsal fin; four scales are on the operculum (Ref. 87971).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kotlyar, A.N., 2011. Revision of genus Melamphaes (Melamphaidae). I. Multi-raker species: M. lugubris, M. xestoachidus sp. nova, M. microps, M. manifestus sp. nova. J. Ichthyol. 51(8):557-568. (Ref. 87971)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00393 - 0.02664), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .