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Etmopterus sculptus  Ebert, Compagno & De Vries, 2011

Sculpted lanternshark
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Etmopterus sculptus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Etmopterus sculptus (Sculpted lanternshark)
Etmopterus sculptus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae (Lantern sharks)
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335);  sculptus: The species name derives from the Latin sculpo, in allusion to the carved or sculpted appearance of its linear denticles (Ref. 87957).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 240 - 900 m (Ref. 87957).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: occurs from off Namibia to southern Mozambique.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 42 - ? cm
Max length : 4.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87957); 51.5 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Etmopterus sculptus is a moderately large, stout, species of linear-denticled Etmopterus, which separates it from most other members of this genus, and can be distinguished from its three closest congeners within the E. Lucifer-group, E. brachyurus, E. lucifer, and E. molleri, by the length of its anterior flank markings being slightly longer than its posterior branch. The posterior branch of the flank markings on E. brachyurus and E. molleri are shorter relative to the anterior branch, and in E. lucifer, the anterior branch is nearly twice the length of the posterior branch. The new species can also be distinguished from its closest congeners by the arrangement of dermal denticles that extend over most of the upper and lower body surface. Etmopterus sculptus possesses non-overlapping denticles, giving it a rougher, more sculpted texture than these other aforementioned species. The arrangement of the dermal denticles onthe ventral head surface is also a good character for separating these species, with E. sculptus having uniformly distributed denticles while the ventral surface of E. Lucifer and E. molleri is sparsely covered with denticles. The ventral surface of the head of E. brachyurus typically lacks dermal denticles (Ref. 87957).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is fairly common along the upper continental slopes between Namibia and southern Mozambique (Ref. 87957); upper slope, on or near the bottom (Ref. 5578). Observed mostly at depths between 450 and 900 m (Ref. 27644), but with records as shallow as 240 m (in Bass et al., 1976: listed as E. lucifer) (Ref. 87957). Feeds mainly on mid-water bony fish, also squid, octopus, shrimp and brittle stars (Ref. 5578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Bears 2 young (Ref. 5578). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ebert, D.A., Compagno, L.J.V. and M.J. De Vries, 2011. A New Lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae: Etmopterus) from Southern Africa. Copeia 2011(3):379-384. (Ref. 87957)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.9 - 8, mean 2.3 (based on 14 cells; Ref. 115970).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00155 - 0.00774), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .