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Hemigrammus diagonicus  Mendonça & Wosiacki, 2011

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Hemigrammus diagonicus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335);  diagonicus: Name from Latin diagonicus, meaning diagonal, referring to the position of the blotch on the caudal fin, unique among the species of Hemigrammus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 2°S - 3°S, 55°W - 57°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87304)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Hemigrammus diagonicus can be easily differentiated from its congeners, except for Hemigrammus silimoni, by the presence of a blotch on the caudal fin restricted to the dorsal lobe (vs. no blotches on the caudal fin, blotches restricted to the base of the rays, or blotches arranged symmetrically in dorsal and ventral lobes). Hemigrammus diagonicus is distinguished from H. silimoni by the autapomorphic presence of the caudal-fin blotch shaped like a bar that extends diagonally from the base of the median rays to the end of the upper lobe rays (vs. conspicuous ocellus like blotch on the lower region of the caudal-fin dorsal lobe); height of dorsal fin 22.3–30.2% SL (vs. 31.0–37.4% SL); length of anal-fin base 24.0–28.0% SL (vs. 28.7–31.5% SL); horizontal eye diameter 33.8–41.3% HL (vs. 43.4– 48.1% HL) (Ref. 87304).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Mendonça, M.B. and W.B. Wosiacki, 2011. A new species of Hemigrammus from the Lower Amazon Floodplain (Characiformes: Characidae). Copeia 2011(2):211-215. (Ref. 87304)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00650 - 0.03213), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .