Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae
(Pricklebacks) > Stichaeinae
Etymology: Ernogrammus: Greek, ernos, -eos, -ous = bud, shoot, descendenat + Greek, gramma = letter, mark, signal (Ref. 45335); zhirmunskii: Named for Alexey V. Zhirmunsky (1921-2000) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, founder and director of the Institute of Marine Biology (Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of
Sciences, Vladivostok), and the initiator of the Far Eastern Marine Biosphere Reserve.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 11 m (Ref. 86739). Temperate, preferred ?
Northwest Pacific: Russia, Sea of Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86739); 7.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 41 - 42;
soft rays: 28 - 30;
Vertebrae: 44 - 47. This species is distinguished from its congeners in having 7 body sensory canals, including one short canal in the middle of belly; anal fin rays with one short rigid spine posteriormost (I 28-30 I); with one narrow white stripe between two wide black ones on the base of pelvic fin, and one dark blotch on the dorsal fin anteriorly (Ref. 86739).
This species, from visual underwater observations, occurs in rocky substrate, 2.5-11.3 m, at water temperature from 14ºC to 21ºC during July to September. It is a secretive species, and under ordinary condition it seldom leave their shelters under boulders in the daytime and usually with only the anterior part of the body exposed. During the collection, 1-3 fish were usually found under one boulder 0.3 × 0.3 m in size, the common density reached 8 fish/m2. The species is inactive at night, unlike E. hexagrammus which commonly occurs in the same rocky habitat. Specimens of the type series had average body weight 1.425 g (1.100-1.900 g), the smallest collected fish (FEMBSNR 748 juvenile SL 34 mm) had body weight of 0.350 g. Stomachs of collected specimens contained remains of shells of small mollusk Falsicingula mundana (Gastropoda: Discopoda: Falsicingulidae), remains of unidentified fish and lumps of tiny fish eggs (Ref. 86739).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markevich, A.I. and V.E. Kharin, 2011. A new species of prickleback Ernogrammus zhirmunskii (Acanthopterygii: Perciformes: Stichaeidae) from the Sea of Japan, Russia. Zootaxa 2814:59-66. (Ref. 86739)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00170 - 0.00978), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .