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Haplochromis coprologus  Niemantsverdriet & Witte, 2010

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Haplochromis coprologus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  coprologus: Named from the Greek word for dustman; ‘??????????’, the name refers to the detritivorous feeding habits of this species, collecting detritus from mud bottoms.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Victoria (Ref. 85523).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85523)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 28 - 30. Haplochromis coprologus is a small sized (<8 cm SL), micrognathic species with a diamond-shaped body outline, dorsal head profile straight to incurved above the eye; mouth oblique with relatively small, mainly bicuspid teeth (Ref. 85523). It differs from Haplochromis erythrocephalus, the only other described small species with similar body outline, in live colouration of sexually active males: Haplochromis coprologus is almost completely black, whereas H. erythrocephalus has a bright red head and its remainder is yellowish (Ref. 85523). Haplochromis coprologus differs from the similarly coloured Haplochromis piceatus mainly in a higher body depth and a larger eye length (Ref. 85523).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Before the ecological changes, this species occurred in the sub-littoral areas of the Mwanza Gulf, mainly over mud bottoms and fed mainly on detritus during the day. Juveniles lived in sheltered bays. Mouth brooding done by the female (Ref. 85523).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouth brooding done by the female. A seasonal spawner (Ref. 85523).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

de Zeeuw, M.P., M. Mietes, P. Niemantsverdriet, S. ter Huurne and F. Witte, 2010. Seven new species of detritivorous and phytoplanktivorous haplochromines from Lake Victoria. Zool. Meded. Leiden 84:201-250. (Ref. 85523)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00709 - 0.03231), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .