Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 805 m (Ref. 13608), usually 450 - 500 m (Ref. 4775). Subtropical, preferred ?; 51°N - 40°S
Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands (Ref. 6808), 20°N (inshore from 29°N) to about 10°S west of 0°, with disjunct distribution between 14°N and 8°N, but to 23°S east of 0°. Isolates north to off south-west Ireland (Ref. 4775). Western Atlantic: tropical areas but with expatriate extensions to 51°N and 45°S in western boundary currents [(apparently absent over a minimum region off Brazil) according to Ref. 4479 or 4775] (Ref. 4479, 4775). Very rare or absent in the Indo-Pacific.
Tropical Indian and Atlantic; east coast of South America (Ref. 47377).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 4882)
High-oceanic and mesopelagic populations are found between 225-750 m during the day (maximum abundance at 450-500 m) and is nyctoepipelagic at surface down to 125 m at night (Ref. 4479). Pseudoceanic and pelagic populations are found in the upper 50 m at night (Ref. 4066). Feeding is acyclic in northwest Africa (Ref. 9198).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00353 - 0.01485), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.83-3.81; tm=0.7; tmax=1.2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .