Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Curimatidae
Etymology: Cyphocharax: Greek, kyphos = curved, humpback + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335); pinnilepis: The specific name 'pinnilepis' is derived from 'pinnis', meaning fin, and 'lepis', meaning scale, in allusion to the presence of a patch of scales over basal portions of caudalfin lobes.. More on author: Vari.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 2 m (Ref. 85320). Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Rio Gongogi and Rio Gavião, tributaries of Rio de Contas in Bahia, northeastern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85320)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. The following combination of characters diagnosed this species from all its congeners: pored lateral line scales from the supracleithrum to the hypural joint 33-36; vertebrae 33-35; greatest body depth 33.5-39.3% of SL; distance from the snout to the anal-fin origin 76.2-83.4% of SL; least depth of the caudal peduncle 11.7-13.8% of SL; length of the postorbital portion of the head 33.8-41.5% of HL; interorbital width 32.8-43.8% of HL; presence in adults of a field of scales with a parabolic margin extending onto each lobe of the caudal fin; absence in adults of prominent dark stripes or spots on the body or a dark spot at the base of the caudal fin; and absence of a patch of dark pigmentation on the dorsal or adipose fins (Ref. 85320).
Found in small rivers with relatively slow currents and somewhat turbid water and also in shallow areas of a reservoir along the Rio Gongogi. These areas have muddy substrates to some degree (Ref. 85320).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vari, R.P., A.M. Zanata and P. Camelier, 2010. New species of Cyphocharax (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Curimatidae) from the Rio de Contas Drainage, Bahia, Brazil. Copeia 2010(3):382-387. (Ref. 85320)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .