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Hemigrammus yinyang  Lima & Sousa, 2009

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Hemigrammus yinyang
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335);  yinyang: of the state of undifferentiated absolute, encompassing both the yin and yang qualities (Ref. 82434).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from tributaries of the middle rio Tiquie, a tributary of the rio Uaupes, upper rio Negro basin, Amazonas state, Brazil

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82434)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3-4; Anal soft rays: 19 - 23; Vertebrae: 33 - 34. Distinguished from all other species of the genus Hemigrammus by having (in life) an orange blotch, located between two dark humeral blotches, immediately ahead and slightly above the posterior, darker second humeral blotch. Differs further from all congeners, except Hemigrammus haraldi, Hemigrammus luelingi, Hemigrammus neptunus, Hemigrammus ocellifer, Hemigrammus pretoensis, and Hemigrammus pulcher, by the possession of two humeral blotches. Diagnosed from all these species by the absence of a blotch on the caudal peduncle (vs. caudal peduncle blotch present).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Caught in moderately large (2-6 m wide) streams, with clear water, carrying little suspended sediment. Also collected from dark-colored waters or muddy, silt-laden waters (Ref. 82434).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lima, F.C.T. and L.M. Sousa, 2009. A new species of Hemigrammus from the upper rio Negro basin, Brazil, with comments on the presence and arrangement of anal-fin hooks in Hemigrammus and related genera (Ostariophysi:Characiformes:Characidae). Aqua, Intl. J. Ichthyol. 15(3):153-168. (Ref. 82434)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00651 - 0.03520), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .