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Salvelinus lepechini  (Gmelin, 1789)

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Salvelinus lepechini
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Lakes in Sweden, Norway, southern Finland and northern Russia (Kola Peninsula, northern Karelia, including Lakes Ladoga and Onega).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from congeners in Scandinavia and Russia by its maxilla clearly reaching beyond posterior margin of eye in adults. Can be also diagnosed by the combination of the following characters: length of maxilla about 9-11% SL; length of lower jaw about 13-20% SL; body depth about 18-24% SL; overall coloration outside spawning season dark, commonly greyish green above and bright orange or yellow on belly; spots usually bright orange; lips usually yellow, orange or pink (black in Lake Segozero); pectoral, pelvic and anal fins usually greyish red or orange, caudal fin with red or orange posterior edge and white or black lower margin (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in large deep lakes, very rarely in rivers. Feeds on fish, amphipods, mollusks, insects and gammarids. Spawning occurs in lakes in shallow water along sand-pebble shores. Reaches up to about 75 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00470 - 0.02030), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=4-6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .