You can sponsor this page

Diancistrus typhlops  Nielsen, Schwarzhans & Hadiaty, 2009

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Diancistrus typhlops
Diancistrus typhlops
Picture by Hadiaty, R.K.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335);  typhlops: Specific name means blind..   More on author: Nielsen, Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Indonesia. Muna Island, southeast of Sulawesi (Ref. 83398).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83398)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinct within the genus by being eyeless, with dorsal fin rays (78-81) and head length (30.5-32.5%). Further distinguished by the following, vertebrae 11-12 + 29-30; anal fin rays 63-65; long gill rakers 3-4; pseudobranchial filaments absent; scales on cheek in a narrow patch, none on the opercle; pointed outer pseudoclasper only slightly longer than inner pseudoclasper, the pseudoclaspers are connected anteriorly; color in life red (Ref. 83398).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is easily caught y hand nets for these kept close to the rocks often upside down. An interesting nocturnal migration was observed in Moko Morete as dozens of fish from the lightless parts of the cave appeared in the blue hole after dark. There was much more food available in the blue hole than in the oligotrophic cave habitat as the blue hole was exposed to daylight all day long. It was also risky to stay in the blue hole as many specimens were eaten by snakes. The salinity in the caves vary, 5-10 ppm in the surface layers and about 30 ppm in the bottom layers with a sharp halocline at 15-20 m depth. The absence of eyes indicates that the species has evolved under dark cave conditions. The presence of long, retrorse fangs also indicate that they can take relatively large prey. The only identifiable stomach content, judged from radiographs, is two 2 mm long gastropods. Two females have eggs up to 0.8 mm in diameter, but no embryos were found. The 6.2 cm SL female had about 250 eggs 0.6-0.8 mm in diameter. Four males have a well-developed intromittent organ and histological sections of the testes of one of these (MNHN 2009-0154) show numerous spermatophores in the testicular duct (Ref. 83398).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G., W. Schwarzhans and R.K. Hadiaty, 2009. A blind, new species of Diancistrus (Teleostei, Bythitidae) from three caves on Muna Island, southeast of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Cybium 33(3):241-245. (Ref. 83398)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00176 - 0.01185), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .