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Xyrias chioui  McCosker, Chen & Chen, 2009

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Xyrias chioui
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Xyrias: Greek, xyreo = that cuts like a knife (Ref. 45335);  chioui: Named for Captain Jiun-Shiun Chiou, who captured and donated this and other important eel specimens to the laboratory of the National Taiwan Ocean University..   More on author: McCosker.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic, usually 60 - 70 m (Ref. 82687).   Subtropical; 24°N - 23°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Taiwan, Changbin, Taitang County (Ref. 82687).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 81.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82687)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

A moderately elongate species of Xyrias with tail 47% and head 12% of TL; dorsal-fin origin well behind pectoral tips; pectoral fin spatulate, elongate, 5.9 in HL; snout short, 2.7 in jaw; upper jaw elongate, 2.6 in HL; center of eye in anterior 40% of upper jaw; labial cirri and barbels absent; eyes not elevated; head pores minute, supraorbital pores 1+3, infraorbital pores 4+3, preoperculomandibular pores 2+6; teeth numerous, conical, needle-like, biserial on maxilla and uniserial on mandible and vomer; coloration in preservative pale ventrally, becoming brown dorsally, pectoral fins brown, median fins with a thin dark margin. Vertebral formula 19/61/126 (Ref. 82687).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

McCosker, J.E., W.-L. Chen and H.-M. Chen, 2009. Comments on the snake-eel genus Xyrias (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) with the description of a new species. Zootaxa 2289:61:67. (Ref. 82687)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00151 (0.00061 - 0.00373), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .