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Cnesterodon pirai  Aguilera, Mirande & Azpelicueta, 2009

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Cnesterodon pirai
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Cnesterodon: Greek, knester, -eros = scraper (Ref. 45335);  pirai: The specific epithet pirai derives from the Guarani words “pirá”, meaning fish and the diminutive “í”, in allusion to the small size of the fishes belonging to the genus Cnesterodon. A noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?; 27°S - 28°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Argentina. Only know from its type locality, arroyo Almeida, affluent of arroyo Cuñá-Pirú, río Paraná basin, Aristóbulo del Valle, Misiones. In spite of the collecting effort in different streams of Misiones province, especially in the Cuñá-Pirú basin, C. pirai was not found in other sites (Ref. 82179).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82179)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Cnesterodon pirai is diagnosed by the combination of the following characters: 6 to 8 irregular dashes on flanks, ranging from oval to vertical stripes on females and 7 to 9 irregular dashes ranging from oval to circular dots on males (dashes both on males and females covering 1 or 2 scales in transverse row); absence of a large post-gonopodium blotch on ventral profile in adult males; lack of a distal filament on gonopodium; absence of longitudinal dark-brown band along flank; snout pointed and long (16.7–28.7 %HL); possession of 12–13 epipleural ribs; medial surface of ascending process of premaxilla approximately straight; presence of teeth on fourth ceratobranchial; distal portion of third and fourth gonactinosts separate, except by tip of third gonactinost; fifth gonactinost free; and presence of a constriction on unpaired appendix of gonopodium (Ref. 82179).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Aguilera, G., J.M. Mirande and M.d.I.M. Azpelicueta, 2009. A new species of Cnesterodon (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae) from a small tributary of arroyo Cuñá-Pirú, río Paraná basin, Misiones, Argentina. Zootaxa 2195:34-42. (Ref. 82179)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00498 - 0.03828), b=3.05 (2.81 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .