Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 300 - 1400 m (Ref. 247). Deep-water, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 43°N - 38°S, 18°W - 124°E (Ref. 54312)
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire to Nigeria. Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique and possibly Natal, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Western Pacific: China (Ref. 6577) and Taiwan (Ref. 247); occurrence in the Western Central Pacific uncertain but should be watched for (Ref. 31367). Often confused with Centrophorus niaukang and Centrophorus granulosus (Ref. 31367).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 88 - 144 cm
Max length : 160 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578)
soft rays: 0. A large, stout gulper shark with a broad snout, a long, low 1st dorsal fin and a high 2nd dorsal fin; pectoral rear tips moderately long; denticles low, flat and smooth (Ref. 5578). Pearl-grey in color (Ref. 5578).
A large deepwater dogfish of the outer continental shelves and upper slopes (Ref. 247). Feeds on bony fish, small dogfish sharks, squids, and lobsters (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized as food fish and as fishmeal (Ref. 247).
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Number of young 1 to 6 per litter; size at birth 33-36 cm TL (Ref. 247, Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5003 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00128 - 0.00593), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .