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Leporinus geminis  Garavello & Santos, 2009

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Leporinus geminis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Anostomidae (Headstanders)
Etymology: Leporinus: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit (Ref. 45335);  geminis: The specific name geminis is in allusion to the similarity showed by the young of this species with its congeneric Leporinus unitaeniatus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Tocantins, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80692)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal soft rays: 9. Differs from its congeners by the following characters: one longitudinal and discontinuous narrow dark brown stripe running inconspicuously from a vertical through middle of dorsal fin to base of caudal peduncle along lateral line; two or three large dark brown vertically elongated blotches along middle trunk: first at the vertical through dorsal-fin, second anterior to adipose fin and third on the caudal peduncle; mainly in young specimens, 12-13 short transversal dark brown bars meeting small dark brown blotches laterally; snout length 39  to 47.6% in head length; orbital diameter 21.4  to 27.8% of head length; body depth 21.6  to 26.0% of SL; sub-inferior mouth (inferior margin of superior lip horizontally aligned with the inferior margin of infraorbital bones); 4 teeth on each premaxillary and dentary; teeth gross incisive-like, forming an arched cutting edge, decreasing in size from the symphysal largest pair; 40 to 42 scales in the lateral line, 5,5  or 6 scales series above and 5 under lateral line and 16 circumpeduncular series of scales (Ref. 80692).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Garavello, Júlio | Collaborators

Garavello, J.C. and G.M. Santos, 2009. Two new species of Leporinus Agassiz, 1829 from Araguaia-Tocantins system, Amazon basin, Brazil (Ostoriophysi, Anostomidae). Brazilian J. Biol. 69 (1):109-116. (Ref. 80692)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00519 - 0.02783), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.2   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .