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Etheostoma erythrozonum  Switzer & Wood, 2009

Meramec Saddled Darter
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Etheostoma erythrozonum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  erythrozonum: The name erythrozonum is derived from Greek: erythros, red, and zona, zone. This name is in reference to the red-orange stripe and lateral red-orange blotches characteristic of this species, and the name is in keeping with the names .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 39°N - 37°N, 90°W - 92°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: USA. Etheostoma erythrozonum is restricted to the Meramec River drainage of Missouri. It is widely distributed within the Meramec River drainage, known from the main channel of the Meramec River in St. Louis County and upstream into larger tributaries. It is generally absent from small headwater streams (Ref. 80465).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80865)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Etheostoma erythrozonum is a relatively large, stout-bodied species of Etheostoma. Dorsal-fin spines (11–14, modally 13), dorsal-fin rays (12–14, modally 13), anal-fin rays (8–10, modally 9), principal caudal rays (16–18, modally 17), pectoral-fin rays (15–17, modally 16), lateral-line scales (39–55, modally 50), cheek scales absent, opercle partially scaled (0–9 scales, modally 5), breast partially to completely scaled, nape completely scaled. Both males and females of this species have four prominent dark saddles on the back and dorsal sides, with the sides angled obliquely forward. The background color is dusky in the dorsal region, lighter in the sublateral region and white on the belly. Along the sides is a series of sub-lateral dark blotches. There is a dark preorbital bar extending forward and a dark suborbital bar extending down the cheek. This species exhibits extreme sexual dimorphism in nuptial color patterns.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Etheostoma erythrozonum is one of the most abundant darters within its range; its conservation status is currently considered stable (Ref. 49982 and Ref. 80865).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Switzer, J.F. and R.M. Wood, 2009. Etheostoma erythrozonum, a new species of darter (Teleostei: Percidae) from the Meramec River drainage, Missouri. Zootaxa 2095:1:7. (Ref. 80865)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .