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Compsaraia samueli  Albert & Crampton, 2009

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Compsaraia samueli
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae (Ghost knifefishes)
Etymology: Compsaraia: Greek, kompsos, -e, -on = elegance, polish, gracefulness + see under Raja;  samueli: Patronym in honour of Dr Samuel Albert, who provided the authors with specimens of the type series.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?; 3°S - 4°S, 61°W - 62°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil. Known from the western Amazon River basin of Peru and Brazil. Collection localities are in the Rio Amazonas, near Iquitos, Peru, the Rio Solimões below the confluence of the Rio Purus, Brazil, and the lower Rio Iça of Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80384)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Compsaraia samueli differs unambiguously from C. compsa by the presence of the following character states:more caudal-fin rays (17–18 [mode 18] vs. 13–16 [mode 14]); a shorter caudal peduncle (CP/LEA = 9% [0–23%] vs. 34% [18–46%]); a less tapering body shape in lateral profile, in which the ratio of body depth measurements at the anal fin and dorsal organ origins is greater (93% [80–116%] vs. 75% [67–82%]); and a smaller body size (minimum size at sexual maturity 144 mm [vs. 165 mm], maximum total length of 230 mm [vs. 305 mm]). Compsaraia samueli may be further distinguished from C. compsa by secondary sexual dimorphisms in several features of snout and jaw morphology (Ref. 80384).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Electric organ discharge known from two sexually mature females and three sexually mature males. The two female specimens exhibited a lower Fo (1.242–1.243 kHz) than the three male specimens (1.337, 1.387 and 1.396 kHz) (Ref. 80384).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Albert, James S. | Collaborators

Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2009. A new species of electric knifefish, genus Compsaraia (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae) from the Amazon River, with extreme sexual dimorphism in snout and jaw length. Systematics and Biodiversity 7(1):81-92. (Ref. 80384)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00142 - 0.00928), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .