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Distoechodon macrophthalmus  Zhao, Kullander, Kullander & Zhang, 2009

Red-wing fish
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Distoechodon macrophthalmus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Xenocyprinae
Etymology: Distoechodon: Greek, dissos, dittos = two + Greek, echo = to carry + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  macrophthalmus: From the Greek 'macros', meaning big or long, and 'ophthalmus', meaning eye, in reference to the large eyes of this species..   More on author: Kullander.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: known only from the Chenhai Lake, Chang Jiang basin in Yunnan Province, China.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80016)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal soft rays: 12. Differs from all its congeners in having the highest number of lateral line scales (78-85, mostly 82), more pre-dorsal scales (34-39, mostly 36), and relatively bigger eye, being 7.97% vs. 6.37-6.98% in SL. Similar to Distoechodon multispinnis in having higher lateral line and predorsal scale counts, but can be easily distinguished by having larger eyes at the same body size (Ref. 80016).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Before the 1990s, this species was a very important component of the local fishery. Its population is shrinking quickly. No adult specimen was found during the 2004 field survey. The primary threat might be the introduction of icefishes (Family Salangidae) based on survey conducted (Ref. 80016).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Zhao, Y., F. Kullander, S.O. Kullander and C. Zhang, 2008. A review of the genus Distoechodon (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), and description of a new species,. Environ. Biol. Fish. (Ref. 80016)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

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Morphometrics
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .