Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Xenocyprinae
Etymology: Distoechodon: Greek, dissos, dittos = two + Greek, echo = to carry + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); macrophthalmus: From the Greek 'macros', meaning big or long, and 'ophthalmus', meaning eye, in reference to the large eyes of this species.. More on author: Kullander.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Asia: known only from the Chenhai Lake, Chang Jiang basin in Yunnan Province, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80016)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12. Differs from all its congeners in having the highest number of lateral line scales (78-85, mostly 82), more pre-dorsal scales (34-39, mostly 36), and relatively bigger eye, being 7.97% vs. 6.37-6.98% in SL. Similar to Distoechodon multispinnis in having higher lateral line and predorsal scale counts, but can be easily distinguished by having larger eyes at the same body size (Ref. 80016).
Before the 1990s, this species was a very important component of the local fishery. Its population is shrinking quickly. No adult specimen was found during the 2004 field survey. The primary threat might be the introduction of icefishes (Family Salangidae) based on survey conducted (Ref. 80016).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zhao, Y., F. Kullander, S.O. Kullander and C. Zhang, 2008. A review of the genus Distoechodon (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), and description of a new species,. Environ. Biol. Fish. (Ref. 80016)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .