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Etheostoma lemniscatum  Blanton, 2008

Tuxedo Darter
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Etheostoma lemniscatum
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  lemniscatum: The name marmorpinnum comes from marmor which means marbled and pinna for fin and refers to the distinct marbled pattern of the second dorsal fin of nuptial males, as does the common name Marbled Darter.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: USA. The Tuxedo Darter occurs in an approximately 19 km mainstem stretch of the Big South Fork Cumberland River, with most individuals observed from the mouth of Station Camp Creek, Scott County, Tennessee, to Bear Creek, McCreary County, Kentucky (Eisenhour & Burr 2000) (Ref. 79849).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79849)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Etheostoma lemniscatum is distinguished from all members of the complex by more posterior positioned anal fin (B6–B8, =332 vs. 317 or less); pectoral fin of nuptial males with dark, distal band confined to rays of the dorsal half or less of fin (vs. across all rays or all but 1–4 ventral rays); and nuptial males with dark and distinctly defined black bands on the distal margin of the caudal, anal, and second dorsal fins (bands more diffuse in other species). Etheostoma lemniscatum is further distinguished from all members of the complex except E. marmorpinnum by higher modal (44 vs. 43 or less) number of lateral scale rows; and intermediate number of pored lateral line scales (26 or 28 vs. 22 in E. percnurum, and 34 in E. sitikuense). From E. marmorpinnum and E. percnurum by intermediate percentage of the first dorsal base area covered by scales (60% vs. 100% in E. marmorpinnum and 20% in E. percnurum); and an intermediate number of scales around caudal peduncle (24 vs. 25 and 23, respectively). From E. marmorpinnum and E. sitikuense by wider distal band on anal fin (50% of fin height vs. 29–39%) and second dorsal fin (25% of fin height vs. 14–16%); and lack of marbling or tessellations in the medial portion of the second dorsal fin of nuptial males. From E. marmorpinnum by lower percentage of belly covered by scales (10% vs. 60–80%); and wider, distal caudal–fin band (18% of fin length vs. 12–15%). From E. percnurum by lower number of caudal-fin rays (16 vs. 18); presence of strong tessellations on medial portion of caudal fin of nuptial males (vs. no tessellations); and narrower distal band on the pectoral fin (range = 14–18% vs. 27–32%). Means of other measurements were also informative for distinguishing E. lemniscatum from members of the complex (Ref. 79849).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Blanton, R.E. and R.E. Jenkins, 2008. Three new darter species of the Etheostoma percnurum species complex (Percidae, subgenus Catonotus) from the Tennessee and Cumberland river drainages. Zootaxa 1963:1-24. (Ref. 79849)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .