Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); zebrina: From the common name zebra for the striped African equid and the Latin feminine suffix –
ina, referring to the zebra-like pattern of vertical dark bars in the caudal region of the body. To be regarded as an adjective in feminine form.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?; 4°N - 3°N
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Venezuela. Known only from the Ventuari River, the largest Venezuelan tributary of the upper Orinoco River basin (Ref. 78579).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78579)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11;
Vertebrae: 41. Crenicichla zebrina is distinguished from all congeners by its pigmentation pattern, which
includes the unique combination of a large, more or less oval-shaped humeral spot, and thin, dark vertical bars on the caudal half of the body which are separated by thinner yellowish vertical bars. It further differs from all other species in the C. acutirostris group except C. tigrina by a higher lateral scale count (E1=114 versus 111 or less). It can be distinguished from C. tigrina, by the presence of a large, non-ocellated humeral spot (versus no spot), lower dorsal spine counts (XXII versus XXIII–XXIV), and the presence of alternating light and dark colored bars restricted to approximately the caudal half of the body (vs. bars on all the body in C. tigrina).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Montaña, C.G., H. López-Fernández and D.C. Taphorn, 2008. A new species of Crenicichla (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Ventuari River, Upper Orinoco River Basin, Amazonas State, Venezuela. Zootaxa 1856:33-40. (Ref. 78579)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .