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Telestes souffia  (Risso, 1827)

Vairone
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Telestes souffia
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059); 49°N - 41°N, 4°E - 19°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Mediterranean basin from Aude to Var drainages (France, Switzerland); literature records from Tarn system [Garonne drainage] in fact refers to Hérault [each has a tributary named Dourbie]; Soca drainage in Italy and Slovenia; uppermost Rhine drainage in Germany and Switzerland; Danube drainage in western tributaries of Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia and part of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and upper Tisza system (Romania, Ukraine). Record from Aegean basin in Bulgaria based on misidentification of a possibly unnamed species. Introgression zone with Telestes muticellus in Var drainage (France) and Soca drainage (Slovenia, Italy). Telestes souffia agassii is often applied to Danube and Rhine populations, but there is no published evidence that they differ from the Rhône populations. If justified, the correct name for a Danube-Rhine species would be Telestes rysela and not Telestes agassii. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2 - 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 41 - 42. Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: conspicuous black midlateral stripe and conspicuous black line along lateral line in preserved individuals; in life, broad gold-orange stripe; lateral line yellow, bordered on each side by a narrow black line; 44-57 + 2-3 scales along lateral line (usually 50-57 + 2-3); 4½-5 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic fin origin; anal fin usually with 9½ branched rays; snout tip rounded or blunt, snout projecting beyond tip of upper lip; and eye diameter 4.0-4.6 times in HL (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 17 to 21 rays (Ref. 40476).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit middle reaches of streams and rivers with clear water, moderately swift current and gravel bottom. Occurs in groups. They feed on invertebrates and algae. Breeding occurs in fast-flowing water on gravel bottom (Ref. 59043). Used as bait. Not so well fished although the flesh is excellent (Ref. 30578). Locally threatened (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .