Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Siamese local name of the fish "ikan bettah"; ferox: Name from Latin 'ferox' meaning wild, bold, courageous, fierce; refers to the behaviour of the of the 'fighting fish' (Ref. 78499).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78499)
soft rays: 24 - 26. This species is a member of the Betta pugnax group with the following characters: a comparatively deep-bodied species, body depth at dorsal-fin base 31.4-35.0 % of SL; differs from its congeners in having a head length of 30.0-33.6% of SL, caudal fin with transverse bars, presence of chin-bar and second postorbital stripe, A 26, lateral scales 29-31 (mode 30), lanceolate caudal fin, absence of a broad dark marginal band on anal or caudal fin (Ref. 78499).
The type locality was described as a small river with current (0.4 m/s); ground formed by
gravel and in parts by sand. The fighting fishes were found at the banks, slower current , between roots and plants (Araceae). Water data as described: pH 5.8-6.3, 30-52 µS/cm, 23.3-
24.2 °C. Type specimens in February 2005 with pH 6.3, electric conductivity 51 µS/cm and water-temperature 25.5 °C (Ref. 78499).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I. and J. Schmidt, 2006. Review of the mouthbrooding Betta (Teleostei, Osphronemidae) from Thailand, with descriptions of two new species. Zeitschrift für Fischkunde 8(1/2):47-69. (Ref. 78499)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .