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Eusurculus pristinus  Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007

Pristine viviparous brotula
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Image of Eusurculus pristinus (Pristine viviparous brotula)
Eusurculus pristinus
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Eusurculus: Name from Latin and Greek 'eu' for good or real and Latin 'surculus' for grapevine tendril, refers to the functional analogy with the pseudoclaspers and the specific shape of the inner pseudoclasper.;  pristinus: Name from Latin 'pristinus' for ancient or original, refers to the simpler pattern of the inner pseudoclasper when compared to the sucker-disk of E. andamanensis and E. pistillum; noun in apposition..   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific, Bismarck Sea to the Solomons and Vanuatu.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76869); 4.6 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 74-86; Anal soft rays: 58 - 70; Vertebrae: 41 - 44. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 74-86, A 58-70, D/A 18-27, V in D 2.0-2.3; vertebrae 11-12+30-33=41-44, anterior nostril located 1/4 to 1/5 distance from upper lip to aggregate distance to anterior margin of eye; free pseudoclaspers 2 pairs, outer pseudoclasper wing-shaped with moderately broad base and distally widened supporter with strong anterior hook (covered by ligament), the inner one is stalked, with slightly widened base and miniature sucker-disk with two small hooks; 5-8 scale rows on upper part, 3-4 rows on lower part of the cheek; otoliths with distinct ostium and cauda, partly fused colliculi, otolith length to height 2.0-2.1, ostial colliculum length to caudal colliculum length 3.5-5 (Ref. 76869).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W. and P.R. Møller, 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23:29-110. (Ref. 76869)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00172 - 0.01163), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .