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Eusurculus pistillum  Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007

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Eusurculus pistillum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eusurculus pistillum
Eusurculus pistillum
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Eusurculus: Name from Latin and Greek 'eu' for good or real and Latin 'surculus' for grapevine tendril, refers to the functional analogy with the pseudoclaspers and the specific shape of the inner pseudoclasper.;  pistillum: Name from Latin 'pistillum' for pistil, refers to the sucker-disk shape of the inner pseudoclasper, this resembles the shape of a flower’s pistil; noun in apposition..   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 9 m (Ref. 76869).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76869); 5.5 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 80-92; Anal soft rays: 60 - 70; Vertebrae: 43 - 47. This species possess the following distinguishing characters: D 80-92, A 60-70, D/A 25-32, V in D 2.1-2.4; vertebrae (12) 13-14+30-34=43-47, anterior nostril situated 1/3 to 1/3.5 distance from upper lip to aggregate distance to anterior margin of eye; free pseudoclaspers 2 pairs, outer pseudoclasper wing-shaped with broad base and distally widened supporter with indistinct anterior hook (covered by ligament), inner one stalked, with narrow base and distally with large, folded sucker-disk; cheek with 4-6 scale rows on upper part, 2-3 rows on lower; otoliths with distinct ostium and cauda, with colliculi separate or partly fused, otolith length to height is 2.2-2.4, ostial colliculum length to caudal colliculum length is 3-4 (Ref. 76869).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected from sublittoral area, with rocks, mud, corals and brown algae. It appears to be most common in reef environments, often on outer reefs, and avoid inshore and back reef areas (Ref. 76869).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W. and P.R. Møller, 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23:29-110. (Ref. 76869)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24 - 29.4, mean 27.5 (based on 760 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00176 - 0.01185), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .