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Hephaestus fuliginosus  (Macleay, 1883)

Sooty grunter
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Hephaestus fuliginosus
Picture by Aland, G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Terapontidae (Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Hephaestus: Taken from Haphaistos, the God of fire in the Greek mythology; 1658 (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060); 5°S - 8°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: endemic to northern Australia (Daly River, Northern Territory to upper Burdekin, Queensland). Reported from southern Papua New Guinea (Ref. 2847).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); max. published weight: 6.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 10

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

More commonly found in larger flowing streams in both clear or turbid water. Adults inhabit particularly the upper reaches of river systems over sandy or rocky bottoms with sparse aquatic plant growth. Can tolerate acidic conditions (to a pH of 4.0) and temperatures between 12° and 34°C. Feed on frogs, insects, worms, shrimps, algae, plant roots, and palm berries. Some adults develop greatly oversized `blubber' lips. Spawns in summer in response to rising water levels following monsoonal rains. Group spawning may occur (Ref. 44894). Spawns in summer when streams begin to rise. Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205). A good angling species growing to a weight of 4 kilograms.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., 1989. Freshwater fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey. (Ref. 5259)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.36 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .