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Cobitis illyrica  Freyhof & Stelbrink, 2007

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Cobitis illyrica
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  illyrica: Named after the Roman province II-lyricum, within which the type locality is situated..   More on author: Freyhof.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Lake Prolozac basin in Croatia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75104); 6.5 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal soft rays: 9. Can be diagnosed from other congeners in Europe by the combination of the following characters: one lamina circularis; caudal peduncle 1.9-2.3 times longer than deep; upper caudal-fin base with a single, indistinct black spot or without black spot; back with 1-3 postdorsal blotches, almost roundish with convex lateral margins; zone Z1 indistinct with few very small to small spots, narrower than zone Z2; on predorsal body, zone Z3 formed by few very small spots in males, narrower or as wide as Z2; on postdorsal body, zones 1-3 confluent in males; distance between tip of pectoral fin and origin of pelvic 73-82% of pelvic-fin length (Ref. 75104).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in still waters of lakes on mud bottom (Ref. 59043). Congeners are oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Freyhof, J. and B. Stelbrink, 2007. Cobitis illyrica, a new species of loach from Croatia (Teleostei: Cobitidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 18(3):269-275. (Ref. 75104)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Critically Endangered (CR) (B1ab(ii,iii))

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00231 - 0.01193), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .