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Brachyhypopomus draco  Giora, Malabarba & Crampton, 2008

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Brachyhypopomus draco
Female picture by Corrêa, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Hypopomidae (Bluntnose knifefishes)
Etymology: Brachyhypopomus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, hypo = under + Greek, poma, -atos = cover (Ref. 45335);  draco: The specific names is from the Greek 'drakon' meaning dragon, in reference to the shape of distal portion of caudal filament in mature males, similar to that illustrated in these imaginary creatures.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.2 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 76853)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays: 155 - 198. Diagnosed from all congeners by the extreme broadening of the distal portion of the caudal filament in males during the reproductive period to form a distinct paddle shaped structure (vs. moderately broadened distally in Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatusand Brachyhypopomus brevirostris into paddle-shaped structures, and vs. broadened along most of the length of the caudal filament in Brachyhypopomus occidentalis, Brachyhypopomus diazi, Brachyhypopomus beebei, and Brachyhypopomus janeiroensis). Differs further from other species of the genus by the following characters: caudal filament length 17.3-35.2% of LEA; pectoral fin ray length 4.1-5.8% of LEA; body depth 8.8-12.2% of LEA; snout length 20.7- 30.0% of HL; gape width 9.5- 16.5% of HL; interorbital distance 22.7-35% of HL; branchial aperture 16.5-26% of HL; head width at operculum 48.4-65% of HL; head width at eyes 31.3-45.6% of HL; number of anal fin rays 155-198; upper jaw equal to lower jaw (Ref. 76853).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in river edges, slow-moving creeks, lagoons and flooded areas with muddy or sandy bottom and abundant emergent or floating vegetation (Ref. 76853). Length type refers to the length to the end of anal fin (LEA), measured as the distance from tip of snout to posterior end of anal fin base (Ref. 76853).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Albert, James S. | Collaborators

Giora, J., L.R. Malabarba and W. Crampton, 2008. Branchyhypopomus draco, a new sexually dimorphic species of Neotropical electric fish from Southern South America (Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):159-168. (Ref. 76853)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00142 - 0.00972), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .