Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Hypopomidae
Etymology: Brachyhypopomus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, hypo = under + Greek, poma, -atos = cover (Ref. 45335); draco: The specific names is from the Greek 'drakon' meaning dragon, in reference to the shape of distal portion of caudal filament in mature males, similar to that illustrated in these imaginary creatures.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical, preferred ?
South America: Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.2 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 76853)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 155 - 198. Diagnosed from all congeners by the extreme broadening of the distal portion of the caudal filament in males during the reproductive period to form a distinct paddle shaped structure
(vs. moderately broadened distally in Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatusand Brachyhypopomus brevirostris into paddle-shaped structures, and vs. broadened along most of the length of the caudal filament in Brachyhypopomus occidentalis, Brachyhypopomus diazi, Brachyhypopomus beebei, and Brachyhypopomus janeiroensis). Differs further from other species of the genus by the following characters: caudal filament length 17.3-35.2% of LEA; pectoral fin ray length 4.1-5.8% of LEA; body depth 8.8-12.2% of LEA; snout length 20.7- 30.0% of HL; gape width 9.5- 16.5% of HL; interorbital distance 22.7-35% of HL; branchial aperture 16.5-26% of HL; head width at operculum 48.4-65% of HL; head width at eyes 31.3-45.6% of HL; number of anal fin rays 155-198; upper jaw equal to lower jaw (Ref. 76853).
Occurs in river edges, slow-moving creeks, lagoons and flooded areas with muddy or sandy bottom and abundant emergent or floating vegetation (Ref. 76853). Length type refers to the length to the end of anal fin (LEA), measured as the distance from tip of snout to posterior end of anal fin base (Ref. 76853).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Giora, J., L.R. Malabarba and W. Crampton, 2008. Branchyhypopomus draco, a new sexually dimorphic species of Neotropical electric fish from Southern South America (Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(2):159-168. (Ref. 76853)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00141 - 0.00976), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .