Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Hypopomidae
Etymology: Brachyhypopomus: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, hypo = under + Greek, poma, -atos = cover (Ref. 45335); bombilla: Named in memory of Pablo Errandonea, who chose to call this fish bombilla. Bombilla refers to the local name for metal straw used to drink mate, a popular herbal infusion whose shape resembles the body shape of this species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.8. Subtropical; 19°C - 29°C (Ref. 75964), preferred ?
South America: tributaries of the middle Río Uruguay and Los Patos-Merín system basin in Uruguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75964)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 155 - 190. Can be differentiated from all congeners by the following combination of characters: pigmentation pattern of body consisting of scattered dark brown pigmentation over a brown
background, more dense on the dorsal half of the body; epidermal laterosensory canals
pigmented; head depth 61.8-76.4% of HL; caudal filament length 6.5-16.6% of ; 55-190 anal-fin rays; fourth supraorbital pore dorsal and half-way between posterior nares and anterior
margin of orbit; upper jaw slightly longer than lower jaw; a cartilaginous mesocoracoid; slender anterodorsal process of the maxilla; all branchiostegal rays of equal size, none hook-like (Ref. 75964).
Occurs in swamps, slow moving river edges and standing water, often with dense vegetation (Ref. 75964).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Loureiro, M. and A. Silva, 2006. A new species of Brachyhypopomus (Gymnotiformes, Hypopomidae) from Northeast Uruguay. Copeia 2006(4):665-673. (Ref. 75964)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .