Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); empheres: Name from Greek meaning similar, alludes to its similarity with C. jurubi, a species occurring in the same drainage; an adjective.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75870)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from other species of the C. missioneira group by having 6-8 slightly elongate blotches along middle portion of the body flank, below the upper lateral line scale row, no lateral band, numerous spots scattered over back, (sometimes forming a reticulated pattern) and sides in males, and an isognathous mouth. It is most similar to
C. igara and C. jurubi in color pattern, but both males and females of the latter species show the same scattered spots including those on the head and opercle vs. none in females and males of Crenicichla empheres which has the spots confined to the lateral of body. Other differences, C. jurubi may have the last three or four blotches contiguous without lighter space between them and/or mixing with the spotted pattern of the body) and
C. igara has prognathous mouth and no ocellated spot on the dorsal fin in females (Ref. 75870).
The specimens were collected above a major waterfall in the rio Chapecó. Although many
other localities were explored downstream and in the rio Uruguay itself, no additional specimens were captured. Stomach contents of one female specimen (9.32 cm SL, MCP 40176) contain aquatic insect larvae (Ref. 75870).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucena, C.A.S. de, 2007. Two new species of the genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840 from the upper rio Uruguay drainage (Perciformes: Cichlidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 5(4):449-456. (Ref. 75870)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .